University of Toronto

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The University of Toronto (UToronto or U of T) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, located on the grounds that surround Queen's Park. It was founded by royal charter in 1827 as King's College, the first institution of higher learning in Upper Canada. Originally controlled by the Church of England, the university assumed its present name in 1850 upon becoming a secular institution. As a collegiate university, it comprises 11 colleges each with substantial autonomy on financial and institutional affairs and significant differences in character and history. The university maintains three campuses, the oldest of which, St. George, is located in downtown Toronto. The other two satellite campuses are located in Scarborough and Mississauga.

Academically, the University of Toronto is noted for influential movements and curricula in literary criticism and communication theory, known collectively as the Toronto School. The university was the birthplace of insulin and stem cell research, the first artificial cardiac pacemaker, and the site of the first successful lung transplant and nerve transplant. The university was also home to the first electron microscope, the development of deep learning, neural network, multi-touch technology, the identification of the first black hole Cygnus X-1, and the development of the theory of NP-completeness.


The University of Toronto offers over 700 undergraduate and 200 graduate programs. In all major rankings, the university consistently ranks in the top ten public universities in the world and as the top university in the country. It receives the most annual scientific research funding and endowment of any Canadian university and is one of two members of the Association of American Universities outside the United States, the other being McGill University in Montreal.


Court outline for MAT192H1: Liberating Mathematics, 2021.

The university has previously run a course with the code and title MAT192H1: Liberating Mathematics.

"Currently, mathematics is at a crossroads between tradition and progress. Progress has been led in large part by women mathematicians, in particular Black women, Indigenous women, and women from visible minorities. Intertwined in their studies of mathematics is a daring critique of traditional mathematics, re-imagining of mathematics culture, and more. This course will compare and contrast new forms of accessible mathematics with standard sources that draw dominantly on the experiences and narratives of men. Restricted to first-year students. Not eligible for CR/NCR option." [1]

When this course was offered in 2021 the instructor was Piper Harron.[2][3]

As of March 2023 this course is not being offered at the University of Toronto.[4].

Sports & Recreation

The Varsity Blues are the athletic teams that represent the university in intercollegiate league matches, primarily within U Sports, with ties to gridiron football, rowing and ice hockey. The earliest recorded instance of gridiron football occurred at University of Toronto's University College in November 1861. The university's Hart House is an early example of the North American student centre, simultaneously serving cultural, intellectual, and recreational interests within its large Gothic-revival complex.


Robert Brockway worked at the university from 2006-2007.

As of March 2023 Piper Harron is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the university.[5][6]


University of Toronto alumni include three Governors General of Canada, five Prime Ministers of Canada, including William Lyon Mackenzie King and Lester B. Pearson, nine foreign leaders, and 17 justices of the Supreme Court of Canada. As of 2019, 12 Nobel laureates, six Turing Award winners, 94 Rhodes Scholars, and one Fields Medalist have been affiliated with the university.


Date Event
16 November 2012 Warren Farrell gave a speech at the University of Toronto with significant protests.
7 March 2013 Janice Fiamengo gave a speech at the University of Toronto with significant protests.
4 April 2013 An event at the University of Toronto introduces the world to Big Red.

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