Difference between revisions of "Gender segregation"

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A lot of gender segregation in western countries is being driven by feminists who state that they often feel threatened by men, sometimes merely by their presence.<ref>http://www.feministtimes.com/men-know-your-place/</ref>  Women continue to form many women-only organisations in western countries (such as gyms).<ref>http://fitnessmarketing.com/2011/04/are-women-only-gyms-guilty-of-discrimination/</ref> Other segregated areas include women-only hotel floors<ref>http://www.bcbusiness.ca/marketing-media/vancouvers-women-only-hotel-floor</ref><ref>http://www.cpmsp.com/hotel-for-women.php</ref> and hotels<ref>https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/som-dona-hotel-mallorca-women-only-hotel-misogyny-sexism-a9124431.html</ref><ref>https://www.asiaone.com/lifestyle/7-women-only-hotels-your-next-vacation</ref> This is a growing trend.<ref>http://www.news.com.au/travel/travel-updates/amadeus-it-pacific-reports-female-only-floors-needed-in-hotels/story-e6frfq80-1226595825229</ref> There are a few hotels around the world that advertise as male-only although it is unlikely that this is enforced in western nations.
 
A lot of gender segregation in western countries is being driven by feminists who state that they often feel threatened by men, sometimes merely by their presence.<ref>http://www.feministtimes.com/men-know-your-place/</ref>  Women continue to form many women-only organisations in western countries (such as gyms).<ref>http://fitnessmarketing.com/2011/04/are-women-only-gyms-guilty-of-discrimination/</ref> Other segregated areas include women-only hotel floors<ref>http://www.bcbusiness.ca/marketing-media/vancouvers-women-only-hotel-floor</ref><ref>http://www.cpmsp.com/hotel-for-women.php</ref> and hotels<ref>https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/som-dona-hotel-mallorca-women-only-hotel-misogyny-sexism-a9124431.html</ref><ref>https://www.asiaone.com/lifestyle/7-women-only-hotels-your-next-vacation</ref> This is a growing trend.<ref>http://www.news.com.au/travel/travel-updates/amadeus-it-pacific-reports-female-only-floors-needed-in-hotels/story-e6frfq80-1226595825229</ref> There are a few hotels around the world that advertise as male-only although it is unlikely that this is enforced in western nations.
  
Women only restaurants are becoming common too.<ref>http://thelibertarianrepublic.com/women-only-dining-is-there-a-double-standard/</ref>
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Women only restaurants are becoming common.<ref>http://thelibertarianrepublic.com/women-only-dining-is-there-a-double-standard/</ref>
  
There is even a Lesbian-only cemetery in Germany.<ref>http://www.theage.com.au/world/germany-opens-lesbianonly-cemetery-20140407-zqrlp.html</ref>
+
There is a Lesbian-only cemetery in Germany.<ref>http://www.theage.com.au/world/germany-opens-lesbianonly-cemetery-20140407-zqrlp.html</ref>
  
 
The city of Hamilton New Zealand plans to ban men from a ''public'' swimming pool during certain times, creating women-only swimming sessions.<ref>http://www.stuff.co.nz/national/10004301/Man-ban-at-public-pool</ref>  US universities have female only education sessions<ref>http://www.king5.com/story/news/local/seattle/2015/03/14/girls-learn-science-and-math/24776455/?fb_action_ids=10152897402564064&fb_action_types=og.comments&fb_source=other_multiline&action_object_map=%5B753232754792712%5D&action_type_map=%5B%22og.comments%22%5D&action_ref_map=%5B%5D</ref>
 
The city of Hamilton New Zealand plans to ban men from a ''public'' swimming pool during certain times, creating women-only swimming sessions.<ref>http://www.stuff.co.nz/national/10004301/Man-ban-at-public-pool</ref>  US universities have female only education sessions<ref>http://www.king5.com/story/news/local/seattle/2015/03/14/girls-learn-science-and-math/24776455/?fb_action_ids=10152897402564064&fb_action_types=og.comments&fb_source=other_multiline&action_object_map=%5B753232754792712%5D&action_type_map=%5B%22og.comments%22%5D&action_ref_map=%5B%5D</ref>
  
 
Australia, China, Kuwait, Malaysia, Indonesia, Austria, Italy, and South Korea now have women-only parking spaces in some areas.<ref>http://www.news.com.au/national/western-australia/perth-carpark-trials-female-friendly-parking-zones/news-story/e8e1d21668ed056ce92f75f5aba43e74</ref>
 
Australia, China, Kuwait, Malaysia, Indonesia, Austria, Italy, and South Korea now have women-only parking spaces in some areas.<ref>http://www.news.com.au/national/western-australia/perth-carpark-trials-female-friendly-parking-zones/news-story/e8e1d21668ed056ce92f75f5aba43e74</ref>
<ref>http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2636430/South-Korea-introduces-women-parking-spaces-longer-wider.html</ref>  This practice is even more widespread in Germany.<ref>http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3180400/Ladies-parking-spaces-introduced-Frankfurt-airport-bigger-nicer-close-terminals-spark-sexism-row-Germany.html</ref><ref>http://www.thelocal.de/20150730/women-only-parking-spaces-sensible-or-sexist</ref>
+
<ref>http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2636430/South-Korea-introduces-women-parking-spaces-longer-wider.html</ref>  This practice is even more widespread in Germany.<ref>http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3180400/Ladies-parking-spaces-introduced-Frankfurt-airport-bigger-nicer-close-terminals-spark-sexism-row-Germany.html</ref><ref>http://www.thelocal.de/20150730/women-only-parking-spaces-sensible-or-sexist</ref> The town of Triberg in Germany created male-only and female-only parking spaces, allocating the more difficult parking spaces to men.<ref>https://autos.yahoo.com/blogs/motoramic/men-more-difficult-parking-spots-women-under-mayor-17465310</ref> It is unclear if the town had to backtrack under feminist pressure.
  
Jessica Valenti, a well known feminist blogger, has explicitly proposed gender segregation on public transport.<ref>http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/jan/07/gender-segregated-transport-women-men-behaving-badly</ref>  Some countries are already doing it.  There are women-only bus seats in Switzerland and India.<ref>https://www.facebook.com/AntiFeminismAustralia/photos/p.1585333115066548/1585333115066548/?type=1&theater</ref><ref>https://punemirror.indiatimes.com/pune/civic/women-can-take-the-chair-in-pmpml-buses/articleshow/71881135.cms</ref>  There are women-only train carriages in Malaysia<ref>https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10204605520002658&set=gm.915818205141951&type=1&theater</ref>, Germany<ref>http://www.breitbart.com/london/2016/03/26/german-railway-launches-gender-segregated-carriages-in-wake-of-sex-attacks/</ref> and other countries.  There has even been a proposal for women-only seating sections on aircraft.<ref>https://www.foxnews.com/travel/journalist-suggests-women-only-plane-sections-to-combat-mid-air-assault</ref>
+
Jessica Valenti, a well known feminist blogger, has explicitly proposed gender segregation on public transport.<ref>http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/jan/07/gender-segregated-transport-women-men-behaving-badly</ref>  Some countries are already doing this.  There are women-only bus seats in Switzerland and India.<ref>https://www.facebook.com/AntiFeminismAustralia/photos/p.1585333115066548/1585333115066548/?type=1&theater</ref><ref>https://punemirror.indiatimes.com/pune/civic/women-can-take-the-chair-in-pmpml-buses/articleshow/71881135.cms</ref>  There are women-only train carriages in Malaysia<ref>https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10204605520002658&set=gm.915818205141951&type=1&theater</ref>, Germany<ref>http://www.breitbart.com/london/2016/03/26/german-railway-launches-gender-segregated-carriages-in-wake-of-sex-attacks/</ref> and other countries.  There has even been a proposal for women-only seating sections on aircraft.<ref>https://www.foxnews.com/travel/journalist-suggests-women-only-plane-sections-to-combat-mid-air-assault</ref>
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Men are not permitted to travel on trains during certain hours in Chennai, India.<ref>https://www.newindianexpress.com/cities/chennai/2021/jan/11/restricting-men-from-trains-illogical-say-chennai-commuters-2248330.html</ref>
  
 
An insurance company in the UK has seriously suggested road lanes exclusively for  female [[driving|drivers]].<ref>http://washingtonexaminer.com/article/2552130</ref>
 
An insurance company in the UK has seriously suggested road lanes exclusively for  female [[driving|drivers]].<ref>http://washingtonexaminer.com/article/2552130</ref>
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New York City has a women-only taxi service.<ref>http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2014/11/12/sherides-taxi-service.html</ref>  Although they have apparently had trouble finding sufficient female drivers.  A similar service has been proposed for Melbourne, Australia<ref>http://www.theage.com.au/victoria/womenonly-pink-taxis-on-the-way-20131114-2xj2i.html</ref>, and is in use elsewhere.<ref>http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/victoria/melbournes-women-warm-to-female-only-taxi-proposal/story-e6frf7kx-1225789034601</ref>
 
New York City has a women-only taxi service.<ref>http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2014/11/12/sherides-taxi-service.html</ref>  Although they have apparently had trouble finding sufficient female drivers.  A similar service has been proposed for Melbourne, Australia<ref>http://www.theage.com.au/victoria/womenonly-pink-taxis-on-the-way-20131114-2xj2i.html</ref>, and is in use elsewhere.<ref>http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/victoria/melbournes-women-warm-to-female-only-taxi-proposal/story-e6frf7kx-1225789034601</ref>
  
There are women-only police stations in Brazil, Argentina, Guatemala, Peru and India.<ref>http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-03-09/women-only-police-stations-a-way-to-target-domestic-violence/6292118</ref>  Australian academics have been studying the Argentinian model with a view to the introduction of women-only police stations in Australia.<ref>https://blogs.qut.edu.au/crime-and-justice-research-centre/2019/05/07/media-womens-only-police-stations/</ref><ref>https://research.qut.edu.au/pgv/</ref>
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There are women-only police stations in Brazil, Argentina, Guatemala, Peru and India.<ref>http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-03-09/women-only-police-stations-a-way-to-target-domestic-violence/6292118</ref>  Australian academics have been studying the Argentinian model with a view to the introduction of women-only police stations in Australia.<ref>https://blogs.qut.edu.au/crime-and-justice-research-centre/2019/05/07/media-womens-only-police-stations/</ref><ref>https://research.qut.edu.au/pgv/</ref><ref>https://www.abc.net.au/news/2021-03-17/qld-woman-only-police-stations/1000135</ref>
  
 
The US has a growing number of female-only co-working spaces.<ref>http://theweek.com/articles/759527/rise-womenonly-coworking-spaces</ref>
 
The US has a growing number of female-only co-working spaces.<ref>http://theweek.com/articles/759527/rise-womenonly-coworking-spaces</ref>
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Some public spaces in Australia have women-only seating.<ref>https://www.facebook.com/AntiFeminismAustralia/photos/a.1516659345267259.1073741828.1516636858602841/1609066626026530/?type=1&fref=nf</ref>
 
Some public spaces in Australia have women-only seating.<ref>https://www.facebook.com/AntiFeminismAustralia/photos/a.1516659345267259.1073741828.1516636858602841/1609066626026530/?type=1&fref=nf</ref>
  
Sweden recently has a music concert that was <i>non-men</i>.<ref>http://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/01/world/europe/sweden-statement-festival-women.html</ref> The festival was found to be in violation of the country's discrimination laws.<ref>gosocial.co/swedens-first-no-men-allowed-festival-found-guilty-of-discrimination</ref>
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Sweden recently had a music concert that was <i>non-men</i>.<ref>http://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/01/world/europe/sweden-statement-festival-women.html</ref> The festival was found to be in violation of the country's discrimination laws.<ref>gosocial.co/swedens-first-no-men-allowed-festival-found-guilty-of-discrimination</ref>
  
 
A women-only market has recently opened in London.<ref>https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-london-50426904</ref>
 
A women-only market has recently opened in London.<ref>https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-london-50426904</ref>
 +
 +
Throughout the world, domestic violence shelters are nearly universally available only to women.
  
 
This raises the interesting question about whether it was women who drove segregation in other societies. This would be interesting considering that gender segregation in non-western countries today is often claimed as principally disadvantaging women.
 
This raises the interesting question about whether it was women who drove segregation in other societies. This would be interesting considering that gender segregation in non-western countries today is often claimed as principally disadvantaging women.
 
Feminists assert that men dominate in conversations with women<ref>
 
http://www.linguistik-online.de/1_00/KUNSMANN.HTM</ref> and interrupt women more than women interrupt men in conversation.<ref>http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/he-speaks-she-speaks/201307/the-gender-politics-turn-taking</ref> This notion is in dispute but if it is believed by women to be true then it may follow that women would prefer to talk to other women than men, which would further support the notion that women may naturally wish to increase gender segregation.
 
  
 
It may be reasonable for a society to permit gender segregation, but it must be on just and equal terms.  Thus a society should permit both men-only and women-only organisations only if they are available on equal terms. A society should allow both or it should allow neither. Currently women in the west continue to enjoy uninterrupted access to women-only spaces and organisations while men are today largely prohibited from having men-only spaces and organisations.
 
It may be reasonable for a society to permit gender segregation, but it must be on just and equal terms.  Thus a society should permit both men-only and women-only organisations only if they are available on equal terms. A society should allow both or it should allow neither. Currently women in the west continue to enjoy uninterrupted access to women-only spaces and organisations while men are today largely prohibited from having men-only spaces and organisations.

Latest revision as of 18:03, 17 July 2021

A high proportion of human societies have chosen some form of gender segregation and it is one of the biggest criticisms westerners often level at non-western societies. In recent years there is evidence that western civilisation may be adopting increased gender segregation.

A lot of gender segregation in western countries is being driven by feminists who state that they often feel threatened by men, sometimes merely by their presence.[1] Women continue to form many women-only organisations in western countries (such as gyms).[2] Other segregated areas include women-only hotel floors[3][4] and hotels[5][6] This is a growing trend.[7] There are a few hotels around the world that advertise as male-only although it is unlikely that this is enforced in western nations.

Women only restaurants are becoming common.[8]

There is a Lesbian-only cemetery in Germany.[9]

The city of Hamilton New Zealand plans to ban men from a public swimming pool during certain times, creating women-only swimming sessions.[10] US universities have female only education sessions[11]

Australia, China, Kuwait, Malaysia, Indonesia, Austria, Italy, and South Korea now have women-only parking spaces in some areas.[12] [13] This practice is even more widespread in Germany.[14][15] The town of Triberg in Germany created male-only and female-only parking spaces, allocating the more difficult parking spaces to men.[16] It is unclear if the town had to backtrack under feminist pressure.

Jessica Valenti, a well known feminist blogger, has explicitly proposed gender segregation on public transport.[17] Some countries are already doing this. There are women-only bus seats in Switzerland and India.[18][19] There are women-only train carriages in Malaysia[20], Germany[21] and other countries. There has even been a proposal for women-only seating sections on aircraft.[22]

Men are not permitted to travel on trains during certain hours in Chennai, India.[23]

An insurance company in the UK has seriously suggested road lanes exclusively for female drivers.[24]

New York City has a women-only taxi service.[25] Although they have apparently had trouble finding sufficient female drivers. A similar service has been proposed for Melbourne, Australia[26], and is in use elsewhere.[27]

There are women-only police stations in Brazil, Argentina, Guatemala, Peru and India.[28] Australian academics have been studying the Argentinian model with a view to the introduction of women-only police stations in Australia.[29][30][31]

The US has a growing number of female-only co-working spaces.[32]

Some public spaces in Australia have women-only seating.[33]

Sweden recently had a music concert that was non-men.[34] The festival was found to be in violation of the country's discrimination laws.[35]

A women-only market has recently opened in London.[36]

Throughout the world, domestic violence shelters are nearly universally available only to women.

This raises the interesting question about whether it was women who drove segregation in other societies. This would be interesting considering that gender segregation in non-western countries today is often claimed as principally disadvantaging women.

It may be reasonable for a society to permit gender segregation, but it must be on just and equal terms. Thus a society should permit both men-only and women-only organisations only if they are available on equal terms. A society should allow both or it should allow neither. Currently women in the west continue to enjoy uninterrupted access to women-only spaces and organisations while men are today largely prohibited from having men-only spaces and organisations.

External Links

References

  1. http://www.feministtimes.com/men-know-your-place/
  2. http://fitnessmarketing.com/2011/04/are-women-only-gyms-guilty-of-discrimination/
  3. http://www.bcbusiness.ca/marketing-media/vancouvers-women-only-hotel-floor
  4. http://www.cpmsp.com/hotel-for-women.php
  5. https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/som-dona-hotel-mallorca-women-only-hotel-misogyny-sexism-a9124431.html
  6. https://www.asiaone.com/lifestyle/7-women-only-hotels-your-next-vacation
  7. http://www.news.com.au/travel/travel-updates/amadeus-it-pacific-reports-female-only-floors-needed-in-hotels/story-e6frfq80-1226595825229
  8. http://thelibertarianrepublic.com/women-only-dining-is-there-a-double-standard/
  9. http://www.theage.com.au/world/germany-opens-lesbianonly-cemetery-20140407-zqrlp.html
  10. http://www.stuff.co.nz/national/10004301/Man-ban-at-public-pool
  11. http://www.king5.com/story/news/local/seattle/2015/03/14/girls-learn-science-and-math/24776455/?fb_action_ids=10152897402564064&fb_action_types=og.comments&fb_source=other_multiline&action_object_map=%5B753232754792712%5D&action_type_map=%5B%22og.comments%22%5D&action_ref_map=%5B%5D
  12. http://www.news.com.au/national/western-australia/perth-carpark-trials-female-friendly-parking-zones/news-story/e8e1d21668ed056ce92f75f5aba43e74
  13. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2636430/South-Korea-introduces-women-parking-spaces-longer-wider.html
  14. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3180400/Ladies-parking-spaces-introduced-Frankfurt-airport-bigger-nicer-close-terminals-spark-sexism-row-Germany.html
  15. http://www.thelocal.de/20150730/women-only-parking-spaces-sensible-or-sexist
  16. https://autos.yahoo.com/blogs/motoramic/men-more-difficult-parking-spots-women-under-mayor-17465310
  17. http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/jan/07/gender-segregated-transport-women-men-behaving-badly
  18. https://www.facebook.com/AntiFeminismAustralia/photos/p.1585333115066548/1585333115066548/?type=1&theater
  19. https://punemirror.indiatimes.com/pune/civic/women-can-take-the-chair-in-pmpml-buses/articleshow/71881135.cms
  20. https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10204605520002658&set=gm.915818205141951&type=1&theater
  21. http://www.breitbart.com/london/2016/03/26/german-railway-launches-gender-segregated-carriages-in-wake-of-sex-attacks/
  22. https://www.foxnews.com/travel/journalist-suggests-women-only-plane-sections-to-combat-mid-air-assault
  23. https://www.newindianexpress.com/cities/chennai/2021/jan/11/restricting-men-from-trains-illogical-say-chennai-commuters-2248330.html
  24. http://washingtonexaminer.com/article/2552130
  25. http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2014/11/12/sherides-taxi-service.html
  26. http://www.theage.com.au/victoria/womenonly-pink-taxis-on-the-way-20131114-2xj2i.html
  27. http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/victoria/melbournes-women-warm-to-female-only-taxi-proposal/story-e6frf7kx-1225789034601
  28. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-03-09/women-only-police-stations-a-way-to-target-domestic-violence/6292118
  29. https://blogs.qut.edu.au/crime-and-justice-research-centre/2019/05/07/media-womens-only-police-stations/
  30. https://research.qut.edu.au/pgv/
  31. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2021-03-17/qld-woman-only-police-stations/1000135
  32. http://theweek.com/articles/759527/rise-womenonly-coworking-spaces
  33. https://www.facebook.com/AntiFeminismAustralia/photos/a.1516659345267259.1073741828.1516636858602841/1609066626026530/?type=1&fref=nf
  34. http://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/01/world/europe/sweden-statement-festival-women.html
  35. gosocial.co/swedens-first-no-men-allowed-festival-found-guilty-of-discrimination
  36. https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-london-50426904