# Statistical significance

In statistical hypothesis testing, a result has statistical significance the probability that the observed results were due to chance is below a predetermined threshold known as the significance level. The significance level for a study is chosen before data collection, and is typically set to 5% or lower, depending on the field of study.

In any experiment or observation that involves drawing a sample from a population, there is always the possibility that an observed effect would have occurred due to sampling error alone. But if the p-value of an observed effect is less than (or equal to) the significance level, an investigator may conclude that the effect reflects the characteristics of the whole population, thereby rejecting the null hypothesis.

This technique for testing the statistical significance of results was developed in the early 20th century. The term significance does not imply importance here, and the term statistical significance is not the same as research significance, theoretical significance, or practical significance. For example, the term clinical significance refers to the practical importance of a treatment effect.

*This article contains information imported from the English Wikipedia. In most cases the page history will have details. If you need information on the importation and have difficulty obtaining it please contact the site administrators.*

*Wikipedia shows a strong woke bias. Text copied over from Wikipedia can be corrected and improved.*